Employment and Labor Markets

Higher employment raises households’ incomes, raises federal revenues, and reduces federal spending for certain programs. CBO analyzes the causes and consequences of unemployment and other developments in labor markets. The agency also examines the effects on labor markets of federal policies in current law and proposed policy changes.

  • Report May 9, 2016

    In 2014, 16 percent of men in the United States between the ages of 18 and 34 were jobless or incarcerated, up from 11 percent in 1980. Those numbers and related longer-term trends have significant economic and budgetary implications.

  • Report February 18, 2014

    Raising the minimum wage would increase family income for many low-wage workers, moving some of them out of poverty. But some jobs for low-wage workers would probably be eliminated and the income of those workers would fall substantially.

  • Report February 4, 2014

    Since the recession ended in June 2009, employment has risen sluggishly and the unemployment rate has fallen only partway back to its prerecession level. This CBO report discusses the reasons for the slow recovery of the labor market.

  • Report March 12, 2012

    Small firms both create and eliminate jobs at higher rates than large firms do. Although small firms account for a disproportionate share of net job growth, that greater growth is driven primarily by new small firms.

  • Report February 16, 2012

    The rate of unemployment in the United States has exceeded 8 percent since February 2009, and CBO projects that it will remain above 8 percent until 2014.