Between 1995 and 2017, the balance of outstanding federal student loan debt increased from $187 billion to $1.4 trillion (in 2017 dollars). CBO examines factors that contributed to that growth, including changes to student loan policies and how they affected borrowing and repayment.
CBO examines how enrollment in income-driven plans has changed and how those plans will affect the federal budget. CBO projects the costs of two sets of options that would change the availability of such plans or change borrowers’ payments.
In 2017, the government financed roughly $100 billion in student loans and provided about $30 billion in grants and $30 billion in tax preferences. This report examines the impact of such aid and a number of approaches to changing it.
In 2016, students pursuing higher education received about $91 billion in financial support from federal spending programs and tax expenditures. This report examines the distribution of that assistance among households, by income group.
- Blog PostHow CBO Analyzes the Economic Effects of Changes in Federal Subsidies for Education and Job Training
This blog post explains how CBO analyzes the economic effects of federal subsidies for education and job training. It provides information on the basis for CBO’s estimates and the research that informs them.