State and Local Governments
ReportMay 10, 2016
CBO reviews hundreds of bills and public laws for intergovernmental and private-sector mandates each year and estimates whether the annual costs of those mandates would exceed thresholds established in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. Data are available for calendar years 2013 through 2017, and new data are added periodically throughout the year.
ReportMarch 31, 2015
Sixteen laws enacted in 2014 contain intergovernmental mandates and 26 contain private-sector mandates. Of the 539 bills that CBO analyzed in 2014, 47 contained intergovernmental mandates and 75 contained private-sector mandates.
ReportMarch 2, 2015
This report provides information on spending by federal, state, and local governments for transportation and water infrastructure, which totaled $416 billion in 2014.
ReportDecember 18, 2013
In 2012, the federal government spent $531 billion on investment—for physical capital; research and development; and education and training—which represented 15 percent of federal spending and 3 percent of GDP.
ReportMarch 5, 2013
In 2011, the federal government provided $607 billion in grants to state and local governments, accounting for 17 percent of federal outlays and a quarter of spending by states and localities. Nearly half of that amount was for Medicaid.
ReportMay 4, 2011
CBO discusses two approaches to calculating the present value of a plans liabilities.