International Trade and Finance

CBO analyzes the budgetary and economic effects of proposed policies that would affect the flow of goods, services, and capital between the United States and other countries.

  • Report June 16, 2016

    CBO describes the procedures it uses to develop a market-based estimate of the cost of new U.S. commitments to the International Monetary Fund that reflects the small risk that the IMF could incur large losses.

  • Report May 9, 2012

    Improving energy security—the ability of U.S. households and businesses to accommodate disruptions of supply in energy markets—requires considering policies related to the nation’s supply of and demand for oil.

  • Blog Post July 27, 2010

    CBO notes that there is no identifiable "tipping point" of debt relative to the nation’s output that would indicate that a fiscal crisis is likely or imminent. However, the ratio of federal debt to GDP is climbing into unfamiliar territory.