Homeland Security

CBO analyzes proposals to change federal policies regarding aviation and border security, emergency response, anticounterfeiting measures, the protection of federal infrastructure, cybersecurity, and other topics related to securing the nation from threats.

  • Report

    This report discusses a range of threats that could cause widespread, long-lasting disruptions for the electric grid. CBO examines two illustrative approaches to enhance the security of the electric grid and highlights some considerations for policymakers to take into account.

  • Report

    Scanning and imaging all U.S.-bound shipping containers at overseas ports would cost $12 billion to $32 billion over 10 years, CBO estimates. Boosting the number of containers imaged at U.S. ports instead would cost considerably less.