Defense and National Security

  • Report

    Long-Term Implications of the 2019 Future Years Defense Program

    CBO estimates that if the Department of Defense implemented the plans described in its 2019 Future Years Defense Program, its base-budget costs (in 2019 dollars) would climb from the $617 billion requested for 2019 to $735 billion in 2033.

  • Report

    The Budget and Economic Outlook: 2019 to 2029

    In CBO’s projections, deficits remain large by historical standards, and federal debt grows to equal 93 percent of GDP by 2029. As the effects of fiscal stimulus wane, projected economic growth falls back below the historical average.

  • Report

    Projected Costs of U.S. Nuclear Forces, 2019 to 2028

    The Administration’s current plans for U.S. nuclear forces would cost $494 billion over the 2019–2028 period—$94 billion more than CBO’s 2017 estimate for the 2017–2026 period, in part because modernization programs continue to ramp up.

  • Presentation

    Operating Costs and Aging of Air Force Aircraft

    Presentation by Derek Trunkey, an analyst with CBO’s National Security Division, at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Air Force Studies Board.

  • Presentation

    Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New Fleet

    Presentation by Eric Labs, a senior analyst for naval forces and weapons in CBO’s National Security Division, at the Surface Navy Association’s 31st National Symposium.

  • Presentation

    The 2019 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding

    Presentation by Eric Labs, a senior analyst for naval forces and weapons in CBO’s National Security Division, at the Bank of America Merrill Lynch Defense Outlook Forum.

  • Report

    Possible Higher Spending Paths for Veterans' Benefits

    To help assess budgetary risks, CBO has projected spending by the Department of Veterans Affairs through 2028 under three scenarios, a modified version of CBO’s baseline and two other scenarios involving more rapid spending growth.

  • Report

    Options for Reducing the Deficit: 2019 to 2028

    CBO periodically issues a volume of options—this year’s installment presents 121—that would decrease federal spending or increase federal revenues. CBO’s website allows users to filter options by topic, date, and other categories.

  • Report

    The Cost of Replacing Today’s Air Force Fleet

    CBO projects that the annual cost (in 2018 dollars) of replacing the aircraft in the current fleet, essentially one-for-one, would average $15 billion in the 2020s, $23 billion in the 2030s, and $15 billion in the 2040s.

  • Report

    Funding for International Affairs Activities, Within and Outside Agencies’ Base Budgets

    The share of international affairs funding that was provided outside of agencies’ base budget for ongoing activities—that is, “nonbase” funding—increased markedly from 2014 to 2017, mostly for overseas contingency operations.