H.R. 3941 would prohibit public elementary and secondary schools and institutions of higher education that receive federal funding from the Department of Education from using their facilities to shelter or house aliens (foreign nationals) who have not been admitted into the United States. (Aliens who are paroled into the country, or who enter after being issued a Notice to Appear, have not been admitted.)
The bill would primarily affect title I programs under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, which provide funds for school districts with a high percentage of students from low-income households; programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which provide funding for special education; federal student loans; and Pell Grants.
CBO expects that those schools and institutions would comply with the requirements of the bill to remain eligible for federal aid. As a result, CBO estimates the bill would have no effect on federal spending. If schools or institutions choose not to comply with the requirement in the bill, spending on the affected programs would decline, but CBO has no basis to estimate the magnitude of that reduction.