Options for Reducing the Deficit: 2019 to 2028


CBO periodically issues a volume of options—this year’s installment presents 121—that would decrease federal spending or increase federal revenues. CBO’s website allows users to filter options by topic, date, and other categories.

Data and Supplemental Information

Corrections and Updates

On June 28, 2019, CBO reposted the report to correct values that it mentioned for the thresholds used to calculate the excise tax on high-cost health insurance plans. The analysis underlying the report and the resulting budgetary estimates were not affected.

On October 23, 2019, CBO posted a file of tables showing the options’ estimated budgetary effects.