The Distribution of Household Income and Federal Taxes, 2011

November 12, 2014

In 2011, households in the top, middle, and bottom quintiles received 52, 14, and 5 percent of the nation's before-tax income, respectively; the shares of federal taxes paid by those households were 69, 9, and 1 percent.

A subsequent version of this report, The Distribution of Household Income and Federal Taxes, was published in June 2016.

Data and Supplemental Information

Corrections and Updates

Corrections: On March 23, 2016, CBO reposted this document with corrections on pages 17 and 25. On November 18, 2014, CBO reposted the spreadsheet providing supplemental data with corrected values in Table 3 for before-tax and after-tax income in 1979 for the lowest income quintile.

Addition: On February 9, 2015, CBO posted data underlying figures in this report as supplemental material.