S. 2291 would require the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to establish a Northern Border Coordination Center along the northern border of the United States within one year of enactment. The center would be colocated with its component units, including Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Coast Guard, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement and would oversee northern border security activities, serve as a training location and testing ground for new technology, and support counter-unmanned aircraft operations. The bill also would require CBP’s Air and Marine Operations to maintain quick deployment capabilities and impose various reporting requirements.
In total, CBO estimates that implementing S. 2291 would cost $84 million over the 2024-2028 period. Such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds. The costs of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, fall within budget function 750 (administration of justice).