S. 4882 would reauthorize appropriations for the operation of the U.S. Fire Administration and two grant programs administered by the agency that provide assistance to state, local, and tribal fire departments. Those programs provide assistance for hiring and retaining firefighters and first responders as well as for training and for procuring equipment and vehicles. CBO estimates that enacting S. 4882 would not affect direct spending or revenues. CBO has not estimated the discretionary costs of implementing the bill. The bill contains no intergovernmental or private- sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.