The Demographic Outlook: 2023 to 2053


In CBO’s projections, the U.S. population increases from 336 million people in 2023 to 373 million people in 2053. Population growth is increasingly driven by net immigration, which accounts for all population growth beginning in 2042.

Data and Supplemental Information

Economic Data

Corrections and Updates

CBO has corrected this report since its original publication. The correction is listed at the end of the report.