S. 4166 would require the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) to provide state, local, and tribal governments with technical assistance and training to prepare for technological hazards and related emerging threats. The bill defines technological hazards as materials created by humans that pose a threat to the public and the environment. S. 4166 would require FEMA to conduct risk assessments and mapping to identify communities with the highest risk and report annually to the Congress on assistance provided to state, local, and tribal governments.
S. 4166 would authorize the appropriation of $20 million in each of fiscal years 2023 and 2024 for those purposes. Using historical spending patterns, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $40 million over the 2022-2027 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts.
The costs of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, fall within budget function 450 (community and regional development).