H.R. 7180 would authorize the appropriation of $10 million in 2023 for the National Science Foundation (NSF) to award grants for research on the disruption of cognitive processes from COVID-19 infections and to enter into an agreement with the National Academies to complete a related study.
In recent years, the NSF has awarded several million dollars annually, on average, for similar grants. Based on historical spending patterns for similar programs, and assuming appropriation of the authorized amount, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 7180 would cost $10 million over the 2022-2027 period.
The costs of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, fall within budget function 250 (general space, science, and technology).