H.R. 7910 would change federal gun laws by creating new federal crimes and expanding federal firearms regulations. Specifically, the bill would:
Raise the purchasing age for semiautomatic rifles from 18 to 21;
Ban the import, sale, manufacture, transfer, and possession of large-capacity ammunition feeding devices;
Establish new federal crimes for gun trafficking and straw purchases;
Require gun owners to meet residential gun storage requirements and establish criminal penalties for violating those requirements;
Require registration of existing bump-stock-type devices under the National Firearms Act and bar the manufacture, sale, or possession of new bump-stock-type devices for civilian use; and
Change the definition of “ghost gun” and require background checks on all firearm sales.
Because people who violate the bill’s provisions would be subject to criminal fines, the federal government could collect additional fines under the legislation. Criminal fines are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and later spent without further appropriation action. Using data from the Department of Justice (DOJ) on criminal penalties charged for firearms convictions in recent years,
CBO estimates that the bill would increase revenues by $6 million over the 2022‑2032 period and would increase direct spending by $5 million over that period.