S. 178 would require the Administration to sanction senior officials of the Chinese government who are responsible for violating human rights in China and to transmit a list of those individuals to the Congress.
The President has the authority to impose similar sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act (Public Law 114-328). By requiring such sanctions, CBO estimates that enacting S. 178 would increase the number of people who would be denied visas by the Department of State and the number who would be subject to civil or criminal penalties. Most visa fees are retained by the department and spent without further appropriation, but some fees are deposited in the Treasury as revenues. Penalties also are recorded as revenues, and a portion of those penalties can be spent without further appropriation. Because CBO expects that very few additional people would be affected, CBO estimates that enacting S. 178 would have insignificant effects on both revenues and direct spending.