Direct spending and revenue effects of S. 1790, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, as reported by the Senate Committee on Armed Services on June 11, 2019.
Enacting the bill would increase net direct spending by $33 million over the 2020-2029 period. It also would increase revenues by $40 million over that same period. In total, S. 1790 would reduce the deficit by $7 million over the 2020-2029 period. Those budgetary effects primarily arise from three sources. Changes to how military review boards evaluate requests from veterans to improve the characterization of their discharge from the armed forces would increase direct spending. Collections of fees from new residents at the Armed Forces Retirement Home would reduce direct spending. A provision that would establish a new payroll deduction from service members in the Selected Reserve of the U.S. Armed Forces would increase revenues.
Because the bill would affect direct spending and revenues, statutory pay-as-you-go procedures apply.
CBO estimates that enacting S. 1790 would not increase on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2030.