H.R. 1237 would amend the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Act of 2009 and would authorize the appropriation of about $51 million annually over the 2020-2024 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to implement authorized activities related to ocean acidification.
Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1237 would cost $202 million over the 2020-2024 period and $51 million after 2024. In 2019, NOAA allocated $12 million to ocean acidification related activities. The costs of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, would fall into budget functions 300 (natural resources and environment) and 250 (general science, space, and technology).