S. 2804 would allow Indian tribes to enter into self-determination contracts with the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to carry out the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR). CBO estimates that implementing those self-determination contracts would increase direct spending by $86 million over the 2019-2028 period.
CBO estimates that implementing other provisions of the bill would cost about $2 million over the 2019-2023 period. Such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriations.
Because enacting S. 2804 would affect direct spending, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
CBO estimates that enacting S. 2804 would not increase net direct spending by more than $2.5 billion or on-budget deficits by more than $5 billion in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
S. 2804 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).