H.R. 2825 would authorize the appropriation of nearly $11 billion over the 2018-2022 period for programs in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), mostly for activities carried out by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but also for programs of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and the DHS Office of the Inspector General. In addition, CBO estimates that the bill would authorize the appropriation of $154 million over the five-year period for other DHS activities, including programs to increase security at airports.
Assuming appropriation of the authorized and estimated amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 2825 would cost $5.6 billion over the 2018-2022 period and $5.4 billion after 2022. In addition, because the legislation would affect direct spending, pay-as-you-go procedures apply; however, we estimate that the net effect would be negligible in every year. The bill would not affect revenues.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2825 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
H.R. 2825 would impose intergovernmental and private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) on airport operators and air carriers. Based on information from the TSA and airport officials, CBO estimates that the total costs of the mandates on public and private entities would fall well below the annual thresholds established in UMRA for intergovernmental and private-sector mandates ($78 million and $156 million in fiscal year 2017, respectively, adjusted annually for inflation).