S. 39 would provide federal recognition to the Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. Federal recognition would make the tribe eligible to receive benefits from various federal programs.
CBO estimates that implementing this legislation would cost $35 million over the 2018-2022 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. Enacting S. 39 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting S. 39 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
S. 39 would impose an intergovernmental mandate as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) by exempting some lands from taxation by state and local governments, but CBO estimates the cost of the mandate would be small and well below the threshold established in that act ($78 million in 2017, adjusted annually for inflation).
S. 39 contains no private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA.