S. 1479 would authorize the appropriation of $250 million annually in 2017 and 2018 for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to provide grants to clean up brownfields and support state brownfield programs. (Brownfields are properties where the presence, or potential presence, of a hazardous substance complicates the expansion or redevelopment of the property.) Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing S. 1479 would cost $500 million over the 2017-2021 period.
Pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to this legislation because enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues. CBO estimates that enacting S. 1479 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
S. 1479 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.