Outlook for the Budget and the Economy

  • Report

    The Economic Effects of Waiting to Stabilize Federal Debt

    CBO analyzes the economic effects of waiting to stabilize federal debt. The longer action is delayed, the larger the policy changes needed to stabilize debt. The timing and type of policy would determine its effects on different age and income groups.

  • Report

    Choices for Deficit Reduction: An Update

    Federal debt is projected to rise significantly over the long term. What policy changes could reduce future deficits and thus lower the trajectory of federal debt? What criteria might be used to evaluate those policy changes?

  • Report

    Choices for Deficit Reduction

    Are fiscal rules a useful tool for achieving budgetary goals? View the appendix of this report to learn more.