The federal budget deficit was $418 billion in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Congressional Budget Office estimates—$41 billion more than the shortfall recorded during the same period last year. Revenues were $26 billion (or 2 percent) lower and outlays were $15 billion (or 1 percent) higher from October through December 2022 than they were in the first quarter of the prior fiscal year.
Outlays in fiscal year 2023 were reduced by the shifting of certain payments—totaling $63 billion—from October 1, 2022 (the first day of fiscal year 2023), into fiscal year 2022 because October 1 fell on a weekend. In addition, as was the case in fiscal year 2022, outlays increased in the first quarter of this fiscal year (through December 2022) because certain payments that otherwise would have been due on January 1, a holiday, were instead made in December. If those various shifts had not occurred, the first-quarter deficit in fiscal year 2023 would have been $455 billion, or $102 billion more than the first-quarter deficit of $353 billion in fiscal year 2022, an increase of 29 percent.