H.R. 3114 would make it easier for private-sector maritime workers covered by the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (LHWCA) who are diagnosed with COVID-19 or who are ordered not to work because of coronavirus exposure to receive workers’ compensation benefits. Under current law, covered workers who have contracted COVID-19 can receive workers’ compensation benefits only if they can demonstrate that their illness was caused by a workplace exposure. H.R. 3114 would create a legal presumption that maritime workers contracted COVID-19 on the job, decreasing the burden of proof on those workers. The LHWCA requires any medical, disability, or survivor benefits for those workers to be paid by the employer or the employer’s insurance carrier. Finally, H.R. 3114 would require the Department of Labor (DOL) to reimburse employers and insurance carriers for the cost of that compensation.