Expired and Expiring Authorizations of Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2023—Information for Legislation Enacted Through September 30, 2022
CBO reports annually on programs whose authorizations of appropriations have already expired or will expire. This information covers legislation enacted through September 30, 2022. A full report will be issued later this year.
Authorizations of appropriations are provisions of law that authorize funds to be provided through a future appropriation law to carry out a program or function; they differ from other authorizations (sometimes called enabling or organic statutes), which create a federal agency, establish a federal program, prescribe a federal function, or provide for a particular federal obligation or expenditure within a program. Authorizations of appropriations also differ from the actual appropriations, which provide funding.
Section 202(e)(3) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 requires that the Congressional Budget Office report to the Congress by January 15 of each year on the following:
All programs and activities whose authorizations of appropriations will expire during the current year, and
All programs and activities funded for the current year whose authorizations of appropriations have expired.
This data file includes a spreadsheet cataloging every explicit authorization of appropriations from CBO’s Legislative Classification System (LCS); it also includes instructions for sorting the data and a glossary of relevant terms. The spreadsheet specifies the date when each authorization expired or is set to expire and the amount authorized to be appropriated in the last fiscal year covered by that authorization. The most recent public law analyzed for this spreadsheet is the Continuing Appropriations and Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2023 (Public Law 117-180), which was enacted on September 30, 2022—the last day of fiscal year 2022.
Because CBO is still analyzing laws that were enacted after September 30, 2022, including the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023 (P.L. 117-328), this spreadsheet does not associate any appropriations with expired authorizations. CBO expects to post an updated spreadsheet encompassing laws enacted through the end of the 117th Congress and reflecting the enacted 2023 appropriations when the agency publishes Expired and Expiring Authorizations of Appropriations: Fiscal Year 2023 later this year.