H.R. 1415 would amend the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 and authorize the appropriation of $5 million annually over the 2022-2026 period for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to provide competitive grants to Indian tribes. Those grants could be used to:
Protect, preserve, or restore coastal land that tribes consider to have important ecological, cultural, or sacred significance or traditional, historic, or aesthetic values;
Create or implement area management plans for coastal land; and
Stabilize coastal shorelines.
The bill also would allow certain grants to states to be used for projects on tribal land related to coastal resiliency or restoration activities.
Based on spending patterns for similar grants, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1415 would cost $18 million over the 2022-2027 period and $7 million after 2027, assuming appropriation of the specified amounts. In 2021, NOAA allocated about $79 million for all coastal zone management grants.