The Radiation Exposure Compensation Program provides lump-sum cash compensation to people who participated in or lived downwind of certain atmospheric nuclear tests or who worked in the uranium industry if they contracted specified diseases. Those payments are made from mandatory appropriations. Under current law, the program expires on July 10, 2022. The RECA Extension Act of 2022 would extend the program’s authorization for two years. For this estimate, CBO assumes that claims filed before the program terminates would be paid even if they were not adjudicated by the termination date.