H.R. 1548 would allow the two people named in the bill to become lawful permanent residents. Enacting H.R. 1548 could increase direct spending and reduce revenues because lawful permanent residents are eligible for certain federal benefits, such as Medicaid and premium tax credits for health insurance purchased through the marketplaces established by the Affordable Care Act, if they otherwise meet the eligibility requirements for those benefits. CBO estimates that those effects would not be significant because only two people would be affected by the bill.