S. 227 would direct the Department of Justice (DOJ) to provide training to state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies on how to record information about tribal affiliation in federal crime databases with respect to Indians who are victims of crimes. The bill also would require DOJ to create guidelines and best practices for law enforcement and criminal investigations occurring on Indian lands and reservations to improve responses to cases of missing or murdered Indians. (Some reservation lands are under the jurisdiction of the federal government.)
Using information from DOJ about the efforts needed to implement S. 227, CBO estimates that the bill would cost $14 million over the 2020-2024 period, assuming appropriation of the estimated amounts. Most of those costs would be incurred by DOJ attorneys and staff to consult with interested parties, travel, develop guidance, and disseminate information to law enforcement partners.