H.R. 4031 would authorize appropriations totaling $2.125 billion over the 2022-2026 period for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. That initiative, led by the Environmental Protection Agency, provides funding to state, local, and tribal governments, institutions of higher learning, and nonprofit organizations to support programs and projects to protect and restore the Great Lakes. Currently, $300 million is authorized to be appropriated for the program in 2020 and 2021 and the Congress appropriated $300 million in 2019 for that purpose.
Assuming appropriation of the specified amounts and based on historical spending patterns, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $973 million over the 2022-2024 period). The cost of the legislation, detailed in Table 1, falls within budget function 300 (natural resources and environment).