H.R. 549 would allow Venezuelans in the United States to apply for temporary protected status (TPS) for 18 months. Aliens with TPS are lawfully present in the country and are permitted to apply for employment authorization and Social Security numbers. The bill would require TPS applicants to pay a surcharge of $360 in addition to any other application fees. The Secretary of Homeland Security could waive the surcharge. CBO estimates that the surcharge would increase on-budget revenues by $45 million in 2020.