H.R. 35 would broaden the coverage of the current laws against lynching and would specify the act of lynching as a hate crime. People who violate the bill’s provisions could be subject to criminal fines, so the federal government might collect additional fines under the legislation. Criminal fines are recorded as revenues, deposited in the Crime Victims Fund, and later spent without further appropriation action. CBO expects that any additional revenues and associated direct spending would not be significant because few additional cases would probably be affected.