S. 1328 would require the U.S. government to prevent aliens who seek to or have interfered with a U.S. election from entering the country and to remove any such aliens if they are in the country. Under current law, the government can prevent aliens from entering the United States, or can remove them, because of unlawful activity or because of activity intended to oppose, control, or overthrow the government. Therefore, CBO expects that only a few aliens would be prevented from entering the country or be removed from it based solely on this bill’s enactment.
Enacting S. 1328 would reduce direct spending because aliens are eligible for certain federal benefits, such as emergency Medicaid, if they otherwise meet the eligibility requirements for those benefits. Because few aliens would be affected by the bill, however, CBO estimates that those effects would not be significant.