S. 2948 would direct federal agencies to undertake numerous activities designed to reduce improper payments. Enacting S. 2948 could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO cannot estimate the magnitude of those effects. S. 2948 also could affect spending subject to appropriation, but CBO cannot determine the potential change in discretionary spending.
Although CBO cannot determine the effects of S. 2948, the bill probably would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
S. 2948 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.