H.R. 5819 would authorize the appropriation of $196 million for humanitarian assistance in Burma and the surrounding region, and impose sanctions on people and entities that are responsible for human rights violations in that country. CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5819 would cost $198 million over the 2019-2028 period, assuming appropriation of the specified and estimated amounts.
In addition, CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5819 would increase revenues by $60 million, and direct spending by $20 million, over the 2019-2028 period. Because the bill would affect direct spending and revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures apply.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5819 would not increase net direct spending by more than $2.5 billion or on-budget deficits by more than $5 billion in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
H.R. 5819 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).
By imposing sanctions on certain Burmese officials, H.R. 5819 could prohibit entities in the United States from engaging in activities that would otherwise be permitted under current law, such as accessing property that would be frozen by the sanctions. Such a prohibition is a mandate under UMRA. CBO estimates that the aggregate cost of the mandates would fall well below the annual threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($160 million in 2018, adjusted annually for inflation).