S. 1953 would amend the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 and the Indian Law Enforcement Reform Act. It would establish or reauthorize various programs and offices within the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), the Department of Justice (DOJ), and the Judiciary concerning public safety in Indian communities.
CBO estimates that implementing S. 1953 would cost $810 million over the 2019-2023 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized and necessary amounts.
Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any such effects would be insignificant.
CBO estimates that enacting S. 1953 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
S. 1953 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. However, the bill would provide benefits to Indian tribes, and any costs to tribal governments would result from those tribes’ compliance with conditions of assistance.