H.R. 5141 would authorize the appropriation of $3.3 billion annually over the 2019-2023 period for assistance to Israel under the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program. It also would authorize the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to provide grants to support cybersecurity research and development and the commercialization of cybersecurity technology. Finally, it would authorize ongoing programs to collaborate with Israel and require several reports to the Congress on aspects of our relationship with that country.
In total, on the basis of information from the Administration about spending patterns for ongoing programs, and assuming authorization of the specified and estimated amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5141 would cost $16.5 billion over the 2019‑2023 period.
Enacting the bill would affect direct spending, although the net effect over the 2019-2028 period would be negligible. Because the bill would affect direct spending, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5141 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
H.R. 5141 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).