H.R. 5174 would amend the Department of Energy (DOE) Organization Act to include functions related to energy emergencies and energy security among the duties to be assigned by the Secretary of Energy to one of DOE’s assistant secretaries. Under the bill, that assistant secretary would be responsible for activities related to the physical and cybersecurity of energy infrastructure; planning and coordinating responses to energy emergencies; and providing security-related technical assistance to state, local and tribal governments.
Using information from DOE, CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5174 would not significantly affect the federal budget. H.R. 5174 would not affect the scope or cost of DOE’s activities related to energy emergencies or energy security; as a result, CBO expects that any changes in federal spending under the bill—which would be subject to appropriation—would be small.
H.R. 5174 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5174 would not affect direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
H.R. 5174 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.