H.R. 3548 would authorize the appropriation of about $12 billion over the 2019-2023 period, mostly to enhance security measures by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) at U.S. borders. Enhancements would include building new border infrastructure and hiring additional personnel. CBO estimates implementing the bill would require additional appropriations above the amounts specifically authorized totaling $7.3 billion over the 2019-2023 period, mostly for new personnel. Assuming appropriation of the specified and estimated amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 3548 would cost $17.6 billion over the 2019-2023 period.
Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3548 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
H.R. 3548 would impose an intergovernmental mandate as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) by preempting state laws in some circumstances, but those preemptions would impose no duty on state, local, or tribal governments that would result in additional spending or a loss of revenues.
The bill contains no private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA.