Under current law, the role of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in safeguarding surface transportation systems, which are largely owned and operated by state and local entities, primarily involves overseeing, coordinating, and regulating security-related activities. (Surface transportation includes the four general modes of land-based transportation: mass transit, freight rail, highway motor carrier, and pipeline.) H.R. 5089 would authorize DHS to pursue efforts to enhance the security of such systems.
Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5089 would cost $21 million over the 2019-2022 period. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues, therefore pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5089 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
H.R. 5089 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.