H.R. 5074 would codify the establishment and responsibilities of hunt and incident response teams (HIRTs) under the authority of the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Under the bill, HIRTs would continue to provide assistance to federal and non-federal entities affected by malicious cyber activity.
H.R. 5074 also would require the NCCIC to report to the Congress on HIRTs’ activities at the end of each of the first four fiscal years following the bill’s enactment. Using information from DHS and considering information about similar reporting requirements, CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5074 would cost less than $500,000 over the 2018-2022 period; such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.