H.R. 4460 would amend and authorize appropriations for several programs within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). CBO estimates that the bill would authorize appropriations totaling $3.9 billion for FEMA over the 2019-2022 period. Based on historical spending patterns, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost $1.4 billion over the 2019-2022 period and $2.6 billion in years after 2022, assuming appropriation of the authorized and necessary amounts.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4460 would increase direct spending by $268 million over the 2019-2027 period. Therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4460 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits by more than $2.5 billion in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
H.R. 4460 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.