H.R. 4475 would authorize the appropriation of $15 million for each year over the 2018-2024 period for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to establish a system to improve monitoring of active volcanoes. The bill also would direct USGS to conduct a study on the feasibility of establishing volcano observatories in the U.S. Pacific Island territories and would authorize USGS to enter into cooperative partnerships with states, territories, universities, and agencies to implement the system.
Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4475 would cost $73 million over the 2018-2022 period.
Enacting H.R. 4475 would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. CBO estimates that enacting the bill would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
H.R. 4475 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.