H.R. 4477 would authorize the appropriation of $158 million annually over the 2018-2022 period mostly for Department of Justice (DOJ) to make grants to states and localities to improve criminal history records. The bill also would require DOJ to prepare reports and provide technical assistance to federal agencies and states. Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4477 would cost $615 million over the 2018-2022 period.
Enacting the bill could affect direct spending by agencies not funded through annual appropriations; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates, however, that any net increase in spending by those agencies would be negligible. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4477 would not significantly affect net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
H.R. 4477 contains no private-sector or intergovernmental mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.