H.R. 5877 would authorize the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to enter into cooperative research agreements with Israel to improve cybersecurity. DHS is currently carrying out activities similar to those required by the bill; thus, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5877 would not significantly affect spending by DHS. Because enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5877 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
H.R. 5877 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.