H.R. 320 would direct the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to issue standards and procedures for the use of certain automated processes to analyze DNA samples. The agency is currently undertaking activities to prepare for increased use of such enhanced analyses. Based on information from the FBI, CBO estimates that enacting the bill would cost less than $500,000 annually; such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.
Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 320 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
H.R. 320 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
On June 14, 2016, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 2348, the Rapid DNA Act of 2016, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on May 12, 2016. That legislation is similar to H.R. 320 and CBO’s estimates of the budgetary effects are the same.