H.R. 223 would authorize the appropriation of $1.5 billion over the 2017-2021 period for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to support the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, a program that funds projects targeting invasive aquatic species and nonpoint source pollution. The program received an appropriation of $300 million for fiscal year 2016.
CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 223 would cost $1.35 billion over the next five years, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts. Remaining amounts would be spent after 2021.
Because enacting H.R. 223 would not affect direct spending or revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 223 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
H.R. 223 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.