H.R. 3598 would modify current laws relating to fusion centers, which are supported by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS); those centers facilitate information sharing among federal, state, and local authorities. Many of the bill’s provisions would aim to improve communication between DHS and state and local entities. Because the department is currently carrying out activities similar to those required by the bill, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 3598 would not have a significant effect on spending by DHS. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3598 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2026.
H.R. 3598 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.