As ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on March 20, 2013
CBO estimates that enacting S. 222 would have no significant net impact on the federal budget over the 2014-2023 period. Because enacting the legislation could affect direct spending (increasing it in some years and decreasing it in others), pay-as-you-go procedures apply. Enacting S. 222 would not affect revenues. The bill contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.
Each year, the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) provides more than $200 million in grants and payments to states and Indian tribes to reclaim land and water resources that have been degraded by past mining activities. Because such grants and payments are not subject to annual appropriation, they are considered direct spending. States and tribes that currently have backlogs of coal reclamation projects—so-called uncertified states—are obligated under current law to use a portion of those grants exclusively for certain coal projects.
S. 222 would allow uncertified states and tribes to use those funds for other types of reclamation projects not related to coal mining. CBO expects that this change would increase direct spending—by up to $2 million a year—in the near term by accelerating spending of reclamation grants. However, that short-term increase would be offset by reduced spending in later years. On balance, CBO expects that implementing the legislation would result in no net change in direct spending over the 2014-2023 period.
Under current law, once states and tribes certify that they have completed all outstanding coal reclamation projects, they become eligible for additional payments from OSM. Under S. 222, some states and tribes may substitute noncoal projects for coal projects in the near term and delay their certification status, which would delay certain payments that would increase direct spending under current law. Based on information from OSM and some of the affected states and tribes, CBO expects that no uncertified states will become certified over the next 10 years, and CBO estimates that any delay in making payments to states that become certified would not affect direct spending over the 2014-2023 period.